Types of Snake Venom

Vipera berus male, one fang with a small venom...

People have the idea that almost all snakes are venomous, deadly. Well, if you encounter a snake, you wouldn’t have the guts to figure out first if the snake is venomous or not. Most probably, you’ll just ran away from it. Let us discuss the science behind snake venom.

A snake’s venom is generally divided into two types with respect to its effect. The two types are hemotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Some snakes have the combination of the two types making them more dangerous and deadly.

Hemotoxic venom mainly affects the blood and also the organs and it causes a breakdown or inflammation in the body. A snake bite with a hemotoxic venom is considered as the most painful bite because it instantly affects breathing and the victim can feel the pain right away and tissues begin to die. This kind of snake venom will certainly make the victim suffer with terrible pain. Snakes with this type of venom include rattlesnakes, cottonmouths and copperheads.

The other type of snake venom is Neurotoxic venom. Unlike the first type which affects the blood, Neurotoxic venom affects the nervous system. This venom causes the victim to experience severe seizures up to death. Neurotoxic snake bites are the most deadly. Cobras, sea snakes and coral snakes are examples of snakes that contain mainly neurotoxic venom.

Snake venom is the weapon given by nature to the snakes for their safety. Regardless of its harmful threats to human beings, this natural ability enables them to survive in this world.

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